# 8.5: Mapitio

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## Muhtasari

Baada ya kukamilisha sura hii unapaswa kuwa na uwezo wa...

• Eleza jinsi latitude na urefu huathiri joto na mvua, ambayo kwa upande wake, huamua usambazaji wa biomes.
• Linganisha biomes nane kuu duniani.
• Eleza jinsi mwanga, joto, mtiririko, na salinity huathiri biomes za majini.
• Tofautisha kati ya biomes ya baharini na maji safi na kuelezea mifano ya kila mmoja.
• Eleza ulimwengu tofauti na maeneo ya bahari.

Dunia ina biomes duniani na biomes ya majini. Joto na mvua, na tofauti katika zote mbili, ni mambo muhimu ya abiotic ambayo huunda muundo wa jamii za wanyama na mimea katika biomes duniani. Kuna biomes nane kuu duniani: misitu ya mvua ya kitropiki, savannas, jangwa, chaparral, mbuga za baridi, misitu ya baridi, taiga, na tundra ya Arctic.

Kama biomes duniani, biomes ya majini huathiriwa na mambo ya abiotic. Katika kesi ya biomes ya majini, mambo ya abiotic ni pamoja na mwanga, joto, utawala wa mtiririko, na yabisi kufutwa. Biomes ya majini ni pamoja na biomes za baharini na biomes za maji safi. Bahari, miamba ya matumbawe, na milima ni biomes ya baharini wakati maziwa, mabwawa, mito, mito, na maeneo ya mvua ni biomes za maji safi.