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8.6: Uhalali

  • Page ID
    164905
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    Uhalali inahusu mantiki ya ndani au busara ya hoja. Kutokana na data ambayo hutumiwa katika hoja, ni hitimisho kwamba ni kufikiwa hitimisho mantiki au thabiti? Kama si kuna uongo, au matumizi mabaya ya mantiki, katika hoja. Wazo muhimu kukumbuka ni kwamba hata kama hoja ni halali kabisa, ikiwa data inayotumiwa ni sahihi, hitimisho bado haitakuwa sahihi. Hii inaanza kuanzisha tofauti kati ya dhana za Ukweli na uhalali.