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Madai, sababu, counterargument, na ramani ya kukataa

  • Page ID
    166204
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    Nusu ya juu ni mlolongo wa sababu. Sababu ya kwanza “Tungependa kuhisi kuwa ni haki kuvuka mpaka bila ruhusa” iko katika sanduku lenye mshale ulio karibu nayo unaonyesha sababu inayofuata, “Tunapaswa kutambua kuvuka kinyume cha sheria kama kimaadili,” ambayo kwa upande ina mshale kutoka kwao akielezea sababu “kuta za mipaka na vituo vya kizuizini ni dhaalimu,” ambayo pointi kwa madai ya mwisho, “Tunahitaji sera mpya ambayo inatoa heshima na msaada kwa wahamiaji.” Chini, katika nyekundu, na mshale unaoelekeza juu kuelekea madai ya mwisho, ni counterargument “Mipaka ya wazi kabisa ingeweka usalama wetu katika hatari.” Chini ya counterargument ni jibu kwa counterargument, nyeusi: “Rebuttal: kuna njia za kudhibiti mpaka bila watu wa uhalifu.” Jibu hili lina mshale kutoka humo unaoelekeza kuelekea madai kuu ya kuonyesha kwamba inasaidia madai kuu.