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8.1: Njia ya Muhimu wa Thinker

  • Page ID
    164979
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    Ever kupata uchovu au kuchanganyikiwa kwa kusikiliza “wataalam” ambao hawakubaliani juu ya somo moja. Chukua kwa mfano kunywa divai na jinsi inavyoathiri afya zetu.

    Kunywa glasi ndogo tu ya divai kwa siku inaweza zaidi ya mara mbili ya hatari ya kansa, madai ya utafiti. ... Dominique Maraninchi, rais wa INCA, alisema: 'Kiwango kidogo cha kila siku cha pombe ni hatari zaidi. Hakuna kiasi, hata kidogo, ambacho ni kheri kwenu.”

    —Jenny Hope, Daily Mail 1

    Shukrani kwa maudhui yake ya pombe na phytochemicals zisizo za pombe (asili zinazotokea misombo ya mimea), divai imeonyeshwa kupunguza hatari ya ugonjwa wa moyo, saratani fulani na kupunguza kasi ya maendeleo ya matatizo ya neurological upunguvu kama Alzheimers na ugonjwa wa Parkinson.

    —Joy Bauer, LEO mchangiaji 2

    Hii ni mfano mmoja tu ambapo “wataalam” ukosefu wa makubaliano inaweza kuwa utata. Hii si kitu kipya. Kuchunguza mizizi ya jinsi tunavyotathmini hoja, tunahitaji kufanya kuacha yetu ya kwanza, Ugiriki wa Kale. Kwa mara ya kwanza, badala ya Mfalme wa Mungu, kundi la wananchi lilijadiliwa kujitawala wenyewe. Walihitaji kuelewa vizuri jinsi ya kupinga kwa ufanisi na kutofautisha kati na ufanisi hoja isiyofaa.

    Kumbukumbu

    1. Jenny Hope, “Kunywa glasi moja tu ya mvinyo siku inaweza kuongeza hatari ya kansa kwa 168%, kusema Kifaransa!” 2009, https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/art...ay-French.html (kupatikana Novemba 6, 2019)
    2. Joy Bauer, “Je, Mvinyo Nzuri kwako?” , 2008, https://www.today.com/health/wine-good-you-2D80555144, (kupatikana Novemba 6, 2019)