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7.5: Mtazamo wa Sura hii

  • Page ID
    165188
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    Hoja ni nini inaunganisha ushahidi wako kwa mashindano yako. Kuzingatia ni mchakato wa kujenga au kuzalisha hitimisho kutoka kwa ushahidi au majengo. Hii ni sehemu ya “mantiki” ya hoja yako. Katika sura hii, tuliangalia mantiki na tukagundua kwamba:

    • Kuna makundi mawili ya jumla ya hoja, Deductive na Inductive.
    • Hoja ya donductive inasema kutoka kwa utawala wa jumla hadi hitimisho maalum na hufuata sheria za syllogisms.
    • Hoja ya kuvutia huenda kutoka kwa maalum ili kuunda kanuni ya jumla.
    • Sisi kuchunguza aina tano ya kufata hoja. Kila aina ina vipimo kwamba tunaweza kufanya ili kuhakikisha hoja ni sauti.
    • Hoja isiyo ya kawaida inajulikana kama fallacies. Kutambua uongo katika hoja inatuwezesha kukataa rufaa ambayo ni illogical.