Skip to main content
Query

11: Mapinduzi ya Viwanda (1800 CE - 1899 CE)

  • Page ID
    165603
  • \( \newcommand{\vecs}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \) \( \newcommand{\vecd}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash {#1}}} \)\(\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\) \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\) \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \(\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\) \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\) \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)\(\newcommand{\AA}{\unicode[.8,0]{x212B}}\)

    Karne ya 19 ilikuwa wakati wa mabadiliko duniani kote na dhana na kanuni za sanaa zilipinduliwa kama sehemu ya mabadiliko mapana katika ulimwengu wa sanaa. Badala ya kudumu miongo kadhaa au karne nyingi, harakati za sanaa zilibadilika kila baada ya miaka 10-20 huku wasanii walijaribu teknolojia na mawazo ya ubunifu. Mapinduzi ya viwanda yalileta ustawi, tabaka la kati linalojitokeza, na watu wenye muda mikononi mwao kufurahia maisha. Usafiri uliwapa jumla ya watu na wasanii uwezo wa kusafiri kwenda nchi nyingine, yatokanayo na tamaduni nyingine, kujifunza na kujifunza mbinu mpya za sanaa. Sanaa duniani kote ilibadilika na ikaingizwa katika maisha ya kila siku, haikudhibitiwa tena na mrahaba, serikali, au dini.