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8.11: Mtazamo wa Sura hii

  • Page ID
    164958
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    Katika sura hii nilitaka kuzingatia historia na lengo la kufikiri muhimu. Mawazo muhimu kutoka sura hii ni pamoja na:

    • Msingi wa kihistoria kwa kufikiri muhimu na kubishana. Kufikiri muhimu sio dhana mpya. Tumekuwa tukichunguza jinsi tunavyofikiria na jinsi tunavyoweza kuboresha mawazo yetu kwa zaidi ya miaka 2,500.
    • Lengo la hoja ni uhalali badala ya Ukweli. Sisi sote tunataka kujua “Ukweli.” Lakini kubishana kutoka nafasi ya Ukweli huelekea kusababisha dogmatism na kuzuia ukuaji wa mtu binafsi na azimio halisi la migogoro.
    • Kuna ufafanuzi na ujuzi wa mfikiri muhimu. Kuwa mtafakari muhimu sio kuwakosoa wengine tu, bali badala yake kuwa wazi nia ya kutosha kutathmini hoja.
    • Kufikiri muhimu sio ujuzi wa asili, wa asili. Sisi si kuzaliwa wasomi muhimu. Kufikiri muhimu ni ujuzi ambao sote tunaweza kuendeleza na kuboresha.